NMSAC

MSC 0216 25
1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM 87131

Phone: 505-277-6247
Fax: 505-277-4215

Publications

The NMSAC has translated some of its research into manuscripts that have been published in peer-reviewed journals.  These are listed below and can be accessed by clicking on the title.

 

Broidy, L., Albright, D., & Denman, K.  (2016).  Deterring Future Incidents of Intimate Partner Violence: Does Type of Formal Intervention Matter?  Violence Against Women, 22(9), 1113-1133.

Few studies examine the comparative effectiveness of different formal interventions for domestic violence. Using arrest and civil protection order data, we compare three intervention scenarios (arrest, civil protection order, and both). Results suggest that intervention type has no substantive influence on the odds of reoffending. However, subsequent domestic violence is significantly associated with offender age, sex, and prior offense history as well as victim age and sex. We discuss our findings and their policy implications, noting that responding agencies should be sensitive to the characteristics that increase the odds of reoffending among those they come into contact with.

Willits, D., Broidy, L., & Denman, K. (2015). Schools and Drug Markets: Examining the Relationship between Schools and Neighborhood Drug Crime. Youth & Society, 47(5), 634-658.

Research on drug markets indicates that they are not randomly distributed. Instead they are concentrated around specific types of places. Theoretical and empirical literature implicates routine activities and social disorganization processes in this distribution. In the current study, we examine whether, consistent with these theories, drug markets are particularly likely to form near schools. This research contributes to our understanding of adolescent drug use patterns by assessing some of the place and neighborhood-level mechanisms that help explain how schools facilitate access to illicit drugs. Using data from Albuquerque, New Mexico, we find that neighborhoods with middle schools and high schools experience more drug crime than neighborhoods without middle or high schools. Moreover, the relationship between school presence and drug crime is strongest during the hours directly before, during, and after school. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed. 

Willits, D., Broidy, L., & Denman, K. (2013).  Schools, neighborhood risk factors, and crime.  Crime & Delinquency, 59(2), 292-315.

Prior research has identified a link between schools (particularly high schools) and neighborhood crime rates. However, it remains unclear whether the relationship between schools and crime is a reflection of other criminogenic dynamics at the neighborhood level or whether schools influence neighborhood crime patterns independently of other established structural predictors. We address this question by investigating the relationship between schools and serious crime at the block group level while controlling for the potentially criminogenic effects of neighborhood instability and structural disadvantage. We find that, net of other structural correlates, neighborhoods with high schools and middle schools experience more violent, property, and narcotics crimes than those without middle or high schools. Conversely, neighborhoods with elementary schools exhibit less property crime than those not containing elementary schools. These results, which are consistent with prior research and with explanations derived from the routine activities and social disorganization perspectives, suggest some strategies for police deployment and community involvement to control crime.